Although not commonly found in general people, a hernia often comes from an abnormality of the body since birth, such as the abdominal muscles being weak or they become weak after a surgery, including from lifting heavy objects, coughing, or frequent sneezing, which can cause pressure in the abdomen and move the hernia from its normal position. Also, men with enlarged prostate gland have a chance of having a hernia, meaning men are more susceptible to a hernia than women.
Symptoms of hernia that we can observe
Hernia moves from the it normal position and causes a soft lump on various parts of the body, like the abdomen, navel, groin, side of the abdomen, and diaphragm. When we cough, sneeze, or lift heavy objects, you will feel pain around the hernia or the hernia will clearly be swollen. If an acute hernia occurs or the hernia becomes more severe, you will feel nausea and vomit with gas in the stomach and constipation. When pressing, the area around the hernia will be hard.
Complications from hernia
Hernia is a symptom that does not look harmful because it is only the movement of intestine from its normal position. However, if the hernia remains in a specific area for a long time and does not move back to its normal position or what is called incarcerated hernia, the patient will feel pain around the incarcerated hernia. A blockage of the gastrointestinal tract will occur. When the intestine is clogged, nausea, vomiting, stomachache, and constipation will follow. If left for a long time, the intestine will lack blood and rot, which can lead to death.
Feel more comfortable with laparoscopic herniotomy
When talking about surgery, many people might be afraid. However, with current innovations that meet the needs of patients who do not want to have a large wound after surgery, laparoscopic herniotomy allows the patient to feel more comfortable. Men, in particular, do not feel shy to see the doctor anymore. Laparoscopy will cause only a small wound. Worrying about pain after the surgery will be lesser because the wound is small, the recuperation is fast, and it can also reduce complications, allowing the patient to return to their normal life faster. There are 2 types of herniotomy, which are:
1. Herniorrhaphy is the surgery around the hernia in order to bring the intestine back into the abdomen and stitched to fix the hole or weakness (open repair).
2. Hernioplasty involves the use of synthetic sheet to stitch or close the hole or weakness and strengthen the abdominal wall. Laparoscopic herniotomy can be performed by cutting or removing the hernia bag and stitching it in case the hernia is not very big and the muscles are strong. However, in those with large hernia and loosened muscles or those who have had surgery several times or who have a hernia on both sides, surgery will be performed by using a large prosthetic mesh sheet to cover the hernia, involving surgical incision into the abdominal cavity. Currently, laparoscopic surgery has been developed into a simple surgery procedure. Recurrence of the hernia is low. The wound size is only 0.5-1 cm and the patient will experience less pain. After the laparoscopic procedure, you can go home faster than with open abdominal surgery. The doctor performing the surgery must also be experienced with specialized expertise.